Habakuk könyve

The Book of Habakkuk is well-known for using a very sophisticated language in terms of semantics, poetics, or rhetorical structure, causing tremendous difficulties to later interpreters, both ancient and modern. For this reason, from a diachronic perspective, textual deviations from the canonical Massoretic tradition could be mere relics of the perplexity of confused translators or scribes.

Scopul acestei cercetări este pregătirea unui comentariu critic asupra cărții profetului Habacuc. Analiza va lua în considerare cele mai importante rezultate din cercetările asupra cărților profetice din punct de vedere filologic, redacțional, fenomenologic, istoric, arheologic și teologic.

Writing a commentary with one eye for critical issues and with another for interested lay readers with no knowledge of biblical languages is always a demanding task, but it becomes an almost impossible undertaking in a case such as the book of Habakkuk, insofar as most problems of this controversial small composition are closely tied to (Hebrew) textuality.

This study argues that the phrase פָּרָשָׁיו וּפָרָשָׁיו should be emended to פָּרָשָׁיו וּפָרְשׂוּ, "their horses (or: horsemen) swarm out (or: spread out)". This reading is indirectly supported by some of the ancient witnesses (LXX and 1QpHab) and is better suited to its context than the Massoretic version.

The current research project focuses on the Book of Habakkuk, providing a Hungarian commentary on the Hebrew text of this prophetic book. This biblical book was composed during the Neo-Babylonian period, a very significant transitional era in the history of formation of the Old Testament. This research goes beyond offering a mere philological satisfaction for a reader dealing with an ancient text and also highlights the book’s existential topics, such as social justice and its ultimate survival in a world wounded by oppression and arrogance.

Jelen kutatás célja egy kritikai kommentár elkészítése Habakuk próféta könyvéhez. Ehhez a bibliai könyvhöz 1930-ban született meg az utolsó olyan magyar nyelvű magyarázat, amely érdemben foglalkozik a szöveggel. A most készülő kommentár figyelembe veszi általában a prófétai könyvekkel kapcsolatos kutatás legfontosabb eredményeit filológiai, redakciótörténeti, vallásfenomenológiai, kortörténeti, régészeti és nem utolsó sorban teológiai szempontból.

Scopul acestui curs este de a ilustra procesul de interpretare a textelor profetice din Vechiului Testament. Textele profetice au un limbaj specific și o structură literară aparte în contextul biblic. Ca studiu de caz, acest curs se concentrează asupra cărții profetului Habacuc.

The objective of this course is to present exegetical problems pertinent to the prophetical literature of the Old Testament. With its peculiar vocabulary and in most cases specific linguistic structures, prophecy forms a distinctive type of literature in the Bible. As a case study, this course is concerned with the Book of Habakkuk, which illustrates well how this process of rereading opens up new questions for the interpretation.


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