Controversial texts in the Old Testament

This course examines controversial texts of the Hebrew Bible from the point of view of the contemporary Christian reader. The texts discussed often played - not only in the contemporary discourse, but throughout the history of the Old Testament hermeneutics - an important role in challenging the relevance and normativity of the Old Testament for modern theological thinking. The course reveals the history of the interpretation of these texts and seeks the hermeneutical key through which the texts can retain their legitimacy in the canon of the Christian church and beyond.


Specific competences

The student will become aware of the differences in the hermeneutical principles of the original authors of the Old Testament and the modern reader. He/she will be able to apply the hermeneutical considerations learned in the case studies to any problematic biblical text.

General competences

By confronting critical situations in the Old Testament, the student develops a nuanced attitude toward situations that differ from the ordinary. The course develops the student's critical thinking, discernment and reflection skills.

Total estimated time

Classroom study Course Seminar Practice
2 hours/week 2 0 0
28 hours/semester 28 0 0
Individual study Hours/sem
Total estimated time 88
Studying course notes and bibliography 40
Further documentation in libraries, electronic platforms, or on the field 20
Preparing essays, papers, or documentation 0
Personal tutoring 0
Total individual study 60


Az írásbeli vizsga a kurzus keretében tárgyalt tematikákhoz kötődik. A cél a probléma-alapú megoldási készség felmérése. Az írásbeli vizsgán egy-egy problémás textus kapcsán kell a hallgatónak arra reflektálnia, hogy az adott bibliográfia ismeretében hogyan értelmezi a megjelölt bibliai perikópát vagy tematikát.


Journal article


Book article

  • Angel, Hayyim (2009): The Uncertainty Principle of Repentance in the Books of Jonah and Joel In: Angel, Hayyim: Revealed Texts, Hidden Meanings: Finding the Religious Significance in Tanakh . Jeruzsálem: Ktav Publishing House, 148-161 old.
  • Freedman, David Noel (1997): When God Repents. In: Divine Commitment and Human Obligation: Selected Writings of David Noel Freedman . Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 409-446 old.
  • Jeremias, Jörg (2009): JHWH – ein Gott der „Rache“? In: Karrer-Grube, Christoph: Sprachen-Bilder-Klänge. Dimensionen der Theologie im Alten Testament und in seinem Umfeld . Alter Orient und Altes Testament 359. Münster: Ugarit Verlag, 89-104 old.
  • Zenger, Erich (2004): Rache. In: Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart 7.. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 11-12 old.